Buzzards Bay Project NEP logo

Buzzards Bay National Estuary Program

Units of Measure and Conversions

Abbreviations

ac = acre
g = gram
ga = gallon
gpd = gallons per day
ha = hectare
kg = kilogram
km = kilometer
l = liter
lb = pound
m = meter
mgd = millions of gallons per day
mt = metric ton
mi = mile
yd = yard


Distance

1 ft = 0.3057 m
1 yd = 0.9144 m
1 m = 1.0936 yd
1 mi = 1609 m(1.609 km)
1 km = 0.622 mi


Area

1 sq mi = 640 acres
1 sq km = 100 ha
1 sq mi = 2.589 km
1 sq km = 0.386 sq mi
1 sq mi = 259 ha
1 sq km = 247.1 acres
1 acre = 0.4047 ha
1 ha = 2.471 acres
1 sq ft = .093m
1 ha = 107,637 sq ft
1 acre = 43,560 sq ft


Volume

1 cu yd = 0.7646 m
1 cu m = 35.31 cu ft
1 ga = 3.785 l
1 cu m = 1000 l
1 cu ft = 7.48 ga
1 cu m = 258.1 ga


Weight

1 lb = 0.455 kg
1 kg = 2.205 lb
1 ton = 907.2 kg
1 mt = 2205 lb


Special units of conversion


OIL:

1 barrel of oil= 42 gallons;
1 US ton (= short ton) of oil is roughly 6.3 barrels or 264.6 gallons (but varies with density of the oil; a No. 2 fuel oil might equal 272 gallons whereas No. 6 fuel oil might equal 248 gallons)

WATER:


1 gallon = 8.33 pounds. 1 cubic ft = 7.48 ga
1 cubic m = 258.1 ga


2002 Addendum

multiply cubic foot per second (ft 3 /s) by 0.02832 to obtain cubic meter per second
multiply cubic foot per second per square mile [(ft 3 /s)mi 2 ] by 0.01093 to obtain cubic meter per second per square kilometer
multiply million gallons per day (Mgal/d) by 0.04381 to obtain cubic meter per second
Temperature in degrees Fahrenheit (°F) can be converted to degrees Celsius (°C) as follows: °C = 5/9 (°F - 32).